It's located in Fatih, Çarşamba, at the top of a hill looking down at the Golden Horn. One can go there on foot from the seaside, going up the Çiçekli Bostan Street; or from Adnan Menderes Boulevard, by walking on Akşemsettin Street towards the Golden Horn (http://g.co/maps/3x9aq). The full name of the church is Theotokos Pammakaristos. Theotokos means “The mother of God (The Mother Mary)”, Pammakaristos means “Superior, Almighty”.
|Fethiye Mosque - Pammakaristos Church|
The most significant and beautiful mosaic in the church is the one in the main dome, which depicts Pantokrator Christ and the 12 apostles of the Old Testament. Here, Christ is in the middle and the apostles surround him. It evokes a great admiration in people looking at it. In this mosaic, Christ was drawn as “Pantokrator” (it stemmed from God names and definitions like “Honorable” and “Almighty” in Judaism and the translation of the Hebrew Bible into ancient Greek) which is among the basic concepts of the Christian iconography. The big Christ icon in Hagia Sophia is again in “Pantokrator” concept. Greek names of the 12 apostles of the Old Testament are written on their pictures, and the following are written in the texts they are holding in their hands:
|Pantokrator Christ and the 12 apostles of the Old Testament|
Micah - "Our master’s home will rise above the hill”
Joel - " Don’t worry, the world will be a happy place again, thanks to the beauties crated by our master”
Zechariah - "Mountain of the master of the host”
Obadiah - "Will be safe on the hills of Jerusalem”
Habakkuk - "Oh, Master, I have heard your voice”
Jonah - "And my prayers reach you”
Malachi - "As I have said, I’ll send my apostles”
Ezekiel - "And when all living believers leave”
Apart from this mosaic, there is a big mosaic describing the baptism of Christ and the large and small mosaics on which saints are mostly portrayed.